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Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations

Explore a comprehensive guide on Hours of Service (HOS) regulations, covering driving limits and mandatory breaks for truck drivers. Stay compliant, stay safe with HOS regulations.

Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations Overview
Understanding the fundamentals of HOS regulations is crucial for trucking industry compliance
HOURS-OF-SERVICE REGULATIONS
PROPERTY-CARRYING DRIVERSPASSENGER-CARRYING DRIVERS
11-Hour Driving Limit
Can drive a maximum of 11 hours after a continuous break of 10 hours.
10-Hour Driving Limit
Allowed to drive a maximum of 10 hours after an uninterrupted break of 8 hours.
14-Hour Limit
Cannot drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after starting duty, following a rest of 10 hours. Breaks do not extend this 14-hour period.
15-Hour Limit
Not permitted to drive after being on duty for 15 hours, following an uninterrupted 8-hour rest. Breaks do not count toward the 15-hour limit.
30-Minute Driving Break
For Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations, Drivers must take a 30-minute break if they’ve driven for a total of 8 hours without at least a 30-minute interruption.
The break can be any non-driving period of 30 consecutive minutes (e.g., on-duty not driving, off-duty, sleeper berth, or a combination of these taken consecutively).
 
60/70-Hour Limit
Cannot drive after accumulating 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. A driver may reset a 7/8 consecutive day cycle after taking a continuous break of 34 hours or more.
60/70-Hour Limit
Cannot drive after reaching 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days.
Sleeper Berth Provision
Drivers can split their mandatory 10-hour off-duty period, provided one period (in or out of the sleeper berth) is at least 2 hours long and the other involves at least 7 consecutive hours spent in the sleeper berth.
The combined sleeper berth periods must add up to at least 10 hours. During this, neither time period counts against the maximum 14-hour driving window.
Sleeper Berth Provision
For Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations Drivers using a sleeper berth must take at least 8 hours in the sleeper berth, and can split the time into two periods, with neither period being less than 2 hours.
The combined sleeper berth periods must add up to at least 8 hours.
Adverse Driving Conditions
Drivers can extend the 11-hour driving limit and 14-hour driving period by up to 2 hours when facing challenging driving conditions.
Adverse Driving Conditions
Drivers can extend the 10-hour driving limit and 15-hour on-duty limit by up to 2 hours when facing challenging driving conditions.
Short-Haul Exception
A driver is not bound by the regulations in §395.8 and §395.11 if: operating within a 150 air-mile radius of their regular work reporting location, and not exceeding a maximum duty period of 14 hours.
Those utilizing the short-haul exception in §395.1(e)(1) must report and return to the regular work reporting location within 14 consecutive hours, and stay within a 150 air-mile radius of the work reporting location.
Short-Haul Exception
A driver is not bound by the regulations in §395.8 and §395.11 if: operating within a 150 air-mile radius of their regular work reporting location, and not exceeding a maximum duty period of 14 hours.
Those utilizing the short-haul exception in §395.1(e)(1) must report and return to the regular work reporting location within 14 consecutive hours, and stay within a 150 air-mile radius of the work reporting location.”